Coming Home: Guernica, revisited by Richard Vargas
they shook their heads
when we started fighting
the clouds of acrid smoke
and the sound of gunfire
floated over the razored wire
wall and that invisible line
in the dirt we once
with flying drones and
(from “the road taken”)
It’s easy to miss the voice, but you do so at your own risk. It doesn’t shout. Richard Vargas has a deft touch. There’s a quietness in the voice, an immaculate control of tone and, still more rare, a wryness of observation as if the poet had stared death in the face and seen through its many guises like the engravings of José Guadalupe Posada. Guernica revisited (Press 53, 2014), Vargas’ third book, ends with a laugh.
Between its pages, Vargas bears witness to anti-immigrant xenophobia where even Superman is suspected as an illegal alien, the outrages of war and the trauma of unemployment. This sociopolitical commitment is balanced and leavened by carnal delight and an attentive eye for natural wonder.
“song for Shenandoah” is a magnificent poem-series, a folk epic, a lament:
we climb your walls and
wade through muddy brown river
we walk and run across deserts
hide in bushes and seek shade
while drinking warm water from
discarded plastic Coke bottles
tied to our waists with twine.
It tells the history of a strip mined town, its industrial rusting and its need for “new blood.” The poem describes the harrowing migration through borderlands for “the jobs you / don’t want,” the arduous labor of Mexican workers, the counter-hate and its tragic consequence:
a religious medal hanging from
the neck and stomped into a man’s
chest will imprint the holy face
of the savior deep into the skin.
Section V. details the terrible etymology of a word:
is the humiliation of
tired and hungry ancestors
enduring its ugly sound
while picking Texas cotton
and California grapes from
swamp to sundown.
But like the original 19th century shanty, which was also associated with runaway slaves, “song for Shenandoah” is a story of “coming home.” It’s about staking a claim and planting roots in el norte.
What makes these poems seem deceptively simple are the short lines, the columnar shape of the poems, a handful of prose poems. Their modesty is marked by an almost total absence of capitalization, that’s to say, an equalizing of the alphabet which proves again the only true democracy in America is the arts.
But Vargas earns such simplicity through a conversational ease that can be a difficult thing to pull off, since it’s without pretension, shorn of rhetoric and ornamentation. “A poem is a naked person,” Bob Dylan once said.
But the artlessness is artifice. Vargas’ closings can be devastating. In “field of vision,” the poem describes the faded bumper stickers from a presidential campaign on his “fourteen-yr.-old Hyundai.” The poet writes that “they peel off easy,” assuming “their place in the trashcan / next to discarded Slurpee / cups and other fast food / trash.” The particulars are clear enough. As he checks the rearview, the poet is “amazed at how much / more i can see.” The fraudulence of the electoral process drops the scales from his eyes.
There’s a sprinkling of Spanish in this collection, but not a lot. Vargas’ language isn’t the calo (Spanglish) of pioneers of Chicano poetry like Alurista and José Montoya. He comes from a later generation. It doesn’t matter. There’s plenty of linguistic space in this country. Often, the poetry has a lovely, reverential quality that is profoundly spiritual—milagros, es verdad?—a mordant humor and a love of the corporeal that knows both sin and sacrament.
The poet’s knowingness about relations between women and men is wise in an image-world of misogyny, as witnessed in the recent mass shooting in Isla Vista. “women and guns” is a self-explanatory title, but Vargas’ association with females who pack heat is handled lightly. After telling his ex about the “crazy women” he’s been dating, she tells him “it’s good for you I didn’t have one.” This is a little like Joan Didion saying that when the Santa Anas blow, wives measure their husbands’ throats for the knife. The poem ends with a noirish fade to black:
I hang up feeling like my luck
is about to run out.
There is a wonderful series of epiphanic milagros too. This from “milagro #3”:
Passover with solemn
songs of long ago
when a bloodied
door kept the angel
of death at bay.
Among the most personal and powerful poems are a series documenting the humiliations of unemployment. In “the company provides free lunch on the day it lays off 250 employees,” the officious rituals of separation are described along with the attendant shame:
some hold on to their boxes as
if they are naked and are
trying to hide their genitals.
Vargas recounts the security oaths in place in corporate America. He itemizes the lunch menu. The stark specificity is absolutely devastating, like “a tub of butter substitute.” The poem ends with “one can of soda / (off brand).” Behind the quietness of the poem is Vargas’ knowledge that in the U.S. there are no ceremonies of grief or parting when it comes to layoff, no treatment for post-traumatic stress that can accompany going on the dole. It’s purely awful.
The penultimate poem in the collection, “funeral song,” prophesies his own demise with remarkable humility:
now my time is up
just let me step aside
vacate this space
so someone else
can take my place.
It should be said Vargas comes straight outta Compton. Sans obscenity, he came up on the same sun-blinded streets as Raymond Chandler, Marilyn Monroe and N.W.A.
Vargas is no stranger to American violence or the palpitations of Hollywood. In fact, he’s in love with those big-screen, archetypal images of sex and heroism even as he honors the working folk that labor in the shadow of the Dream Factory. Vargas knows not only the City of Angels; he knows the City of Devils, too.
Image: El famoso cuadro Guernica de Picasso, símbolo del horror, pintado sobre las Hayas del Monte Alduide en Zilbeti. Photo by Ketari. Under creative commons license.