Fine Art Body Painting and Its Antecedents

Fine Art Body Painting Today

Although questionably not for museums (Or maybe it will be?), it is apparent that Fine Art Body Painting has come into its own as was seen on Saturday night, May 16, at The Springs, a New Age restaurant, bar and tranquility center in the Downtown Los Angeles Arts District. It has an international group of adherents who describe themselves as “Fine Art Bodypainters.”

two men and two women standing by a stage and a sign that reads body fine art

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Nudity is the hallmark of body painting today. Fine Art Body Painting is sedate rather than sexually provocative. Men wear jockstraps or jockey shorts which are covered with paint and blend into the rest of the body. Women wear something akin to a g-string which covers their vaginas; it is painted and blends into the paint covering other parts of the body. On the scale of public nudity, this is hardly beyond the topless beaches at St. Tropez or the separated nude beaches that have become common in this country.

Nudity has been the accepted province of Western European artists, from Ancient Greek and Roman sculptors to 20th Century French masters like Aristide Maillol and Pablo Picasso. In their original form, most ancient Greek and Roman sculptures were not pristine white as they are presented today in museums around the world. Evidence demonstrates that most were polychrome. The visibility of color has disappeared.

Over the course of millennia, the art of body painting has been practiced throughout the world by various cultures. Evidence of tattoos has been discovered dating back to the Neolithic era. Body painting is still a common practice among many societies in Africa, Asia, Australia, Oceania and South America.

Discover more: Body Art: Marks of Identity, an exhibition curated by Enid Schildkrout at the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Given the ubiquity and popularity today of tattooing, Fine Art Body Painting, now in its infancy, might become a more popular movement. Among contemporary art museum curators there is a propensity to chase the latest fads and provide them with legitimacy. In the wake of numerous displays of nudity in theater, dance and performance art over an extended period of time, Fine Art Body Painting might be seen as the next new wave.

The Western European Tradition of Nudity

a statue of a female figure leaning on a pillar
Statuette of Aphrodite Leaning on a Pillar. Unknown artist.  Terracotta with polychromy,  Tanagra, Greece.250 – 200 B.C.  Collection: J. Paul Getty Museum
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Statuette of Jupiter, Unknown artist, Roman Empire. Silver, 1st Century AD.Collection:  J. Paul Getty Museum

Footnote: Until recently, male nude figures were displayed in museums with a “Fig Leaf” covering their genitals. In 1563 the Roman Catholic Council of Trent ruled that “all lasciviousness be avoided” in religious images. Historically, women’s vulva areas were generally obscured with some form of drapery.

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The Four Naked Women, Albrecht Dürer, German, Copper engraving,1497. Collection:  National Gallery of Art, Washington

 

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The Judgement of Paris, Lucas Cranach the Elder, German, Oil on wood, ca. 1528. Collection: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Venus and Adonis, Titian, Italian, Oil on canvas, 16th century. Collection: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Unknown artist, Pair of Andirons (Male & Female), France, 16th century, Bronze. Collection: The Norton Simon Foundation
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Reclining Nude, Jean-Antoine Watteau, French, Oil on panel.c. 1713-17. Collection: The Norton Simon Foundation
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Reclining Nude (Liegender Akt), German, 1880 - 1938, 1907-1908, lithograph on wove paper, Ruth and Jacob Kainen Collection
Reclining Nude, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, German, Lithograph on wove paper, 1907-1908, Collection: National Gallery of Art, Washington

 

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Standing Female Nude, Pablo Picasso, Spanish, Charcoal on paper, 1910. Collection: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Reclining Nude, Amedeo Modigliani, Italian, Oil on canvas, 1917. Collection: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Standing Woman, Gaston Lachaise, American, Bronze, 1912-1915 (cast 1930).Collection: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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Mountain, Aristide Maillol, French, Lead, 1937. Collection: Norton Simon Art Foundation
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Male Nude, Pablo Picasso, Spanish, Pencil on paper, 1966. Collection: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution

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