Photographing people in places
The feature image …
… taken by R. Doisneau, shows clearly the mutual interaction of people and place in defining a particular situation, in this case the use of a derelict blank wall as a blackboard by a young girl playing at being a school mistress to her younger sibling.
In this post I have selected some images taken by R. Doisneau and others by his compatriot M. Riboud in order to compare the different way they photographically handle that mutual interaction of people and place.
Introducing R. Doisneau and M. Riboud
Whereas, Doisneau is the typical poetic people-observing Parisian flaneur, Riboud is the typical sharpshooting globe-trotting event and place recording photographer.
What attracts Doisneau, is the direct capture of the expression, the posture, the unique and the personal with no intermediate … and he does it with sensitivity and humor.
As I see it, Doisneau considers people as the essential ingredient in establishing a photographic sense of situation, (as shown below).
What attracts Riboud, is the capture of a whole scene, with what elements of place and people contribute to understanding it, and he does it clearly, and sometimes inventively.
As I see it, Riboud considers place as the essential ingredient in establishing a photographic sense of situation, (as shown below)
I have selected three pairs of images based on similar situations in order to illustrate the different approaches of Doisneau and Riboud.
A café scene
In Doisneau’s image, taken from behind the counter, nothing detracts from the congeniality of the Parisian café, with attention given to the personal situation and the particular relation of the standing customers to the server: a coal delivery man, a wedding party and an office clerk on a break (as shown below)!
Riboud’s image is taken of an Istanbul mosque-neighboring café through a window, partly covered with religious and political posters and with photographs of the customers-filled café, framing a glimpse of the outdoor terrace and the streetscape beyond … with not a live person in it! (as shown below).
A sidewalk scene
In this image, Doisneau records a gathering of employees and/or residents taking a break on the sidewalk in front of the building they work in, the direct and clear view of the scene, produces in the viewer a sense of being part of it. (as shown below).
In this image, Riboud, elects to place his point of view behind a store window that structures the image in three parts, roughly corresponding to the various groupings of people.
Doing this seems to arise the curiosity of children in the street who, peeping at him through the store window, giving the scene an added situational dimension. (as shown below).
People in the street … streets with people
Doisneau chose to call his image of a young family group standing at a street corner “ The children of Place Hébert – Paris 18ème – 1957” … by doing so he confirms his attraction to people’s expression, posture and dress in order to socially characterize their relationship to a place. (as shown below)
Riboud chose to call his image simply “Leeds, England, 1954” and, by doing so, assumed that the obvious working-class neighborhood of the place would by itself socially characterize the situation of the people in it. (as shown below)
These belong to the two photographers quoted in the volumes devoted to their work. (See Credit and bibliography)
Doisneau said of Paris that it was like a “ … theatre where you book your seat with time waiting. And I am still waiting”
Riboud mentioned that Henri Cartier-Bresson once told him: “Marc, you were born with a compass in your eye”
Credit and bibliography
The images and their legends, by R. Doisneau, were taken from: Gautrand, J-C, Robert Doisneau 1912-1994, Taschen, Köln, 2003
The images and their legends, by M. Riboud, were taken from: Riboud & B. Eveno, Marc Riboud – paroles d’un taciturne, Delpire, Paris, 2012
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Maurice Amiel, M. Arch. (U.C. Berkeley) is retired professor of Environmental Design at the School of Design, University of Quebec at Montreal, where he was involved mainly in environment-behaviour teaching and applied research projects. In order to promote environmental awareness, he has turned after retiring to documenting and writing about various physical and human agents contributing to a sense of self, place and sociability ... I wish to add to my interests the fundamental role of light in photography and the visual structure of all 2D forms of artwork.
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